Center for Language Engineering

 
 



 

 

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[ Projects ] [ Publications ] [ Activities ] [ Research Seminars ]

 
   
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[2016 ] [2015 ] [2014 ] [2013 ] [2012] [2011] [2010] [2009] [2008] [2007] [2006] [2005] [2004] [2003] [2002] [2001]

 
  2016  
Bhatti, R. and Mumtaz, B. "Identification of Diphthongs in Urdu and their Acoustic Properties", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2016 (CLT 16), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL: http://www.cle.org.pk/clt16/).
 
Farooq, M. and Mumtaz, B. "Urdu Phonological Rules in Connected Speech", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2016 (CLT 16), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL: http://www.cle.org.pk/clt16/).
 
Shahid, Kh. S., Habib, T., Mumtaz, B., Adeeba, F. and Ehsan Ul Haq. "Subjective Testing of Urdu Text-to-Speech (TTS) System", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2016 (CLT 16), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL: http://www.cle.org.pk/clt16/).
 
Rauf, S., Ambreen, S., Hussain, S. and Mumtaz, B. "Acoustic Investigation of /l, j, v/ as Approximants in Urdu", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2016 (CLT 16), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL: http://www.cle.org.pk/clt16/).
 
Qasim, M., Rauf, S., Habib, T. and Hussain, S. "Urdu Speech Corpus for Travel Domain", in the Proceedings of 19th Oriental COCOSDA Conference 2016, Bali, Indonesia. (URL: http://www.ococosda2016.org/)
 
Mumtaz, B., Urooj, S., Hussain, S. and Ehsan Ul Haq. "Break Index (BI) Annotated Speech Corpus for Urdu TTS", in the Proceedings of 19th Oriental COCOSDA Conference 2016, Bali, Indonesia. (URL: http://www.ococosda2016.org/)
 
Adeba, F., Hussain, S., Habib, T., Haq, E. and Shahid, K.S. "Comparison of Urdu Text to Speech Synthesis using Unit Selection and HMM based Techniques", in the Proceedings of 19th Oriental COCOSDA Conference 2016, Bali, Indonesia. (URL: http://www.ococosda2016.org/)
 
Qasim, M., Nawaz, S., Hussain, S. and Habib, T. "Urdu Speech Recognition System for District Names of Pakistan: Development, Challenges and Solutions", in the Proceedings of 19th Oriental COCOSDA Conference 2016, Bali, Indonesia. (URL: http://www.ococosda2016.org/)
 
Qasim, M., Hussain, S., Habib, T. and Rahman, S.U. "Spoken Dialog System Framework Supporting Multiple Concurrent Sessions", in the Proceedings of 19th Oriental COCOSDA Conference 2016, Bali, Indonesia. (URL: http://www.ococosda2016.org/)
 
Shams, S., Haq, M. A. and Waqar, Y. "Open Education Educational Resources usage Trends among University Students of Pakistan", in the Proceedings of 3rd e-Learning and Distance Education Conference 2016, Lahore, Pakistan. (URL: http://eldec.vu.edu.pk).
 
 

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  2015  
Mumtaz, B., Urooj, S., Hussain, S. and Habib, W. "Stress Annotated Urdu Speech Corpus to Build Female Voice for TTS", in the Proceedings of 18th Oriental COCOSDA/CASLRE Conference 2015, Shanghai, China. (URL: http://www.ococosda2015.org/Default.aspx).
 
Rauf, S., Hameed, A., Habib, T. and Hussain, S. "District Names Speech Corpus for Pakistani Languages", in the Proceedings of 18th Oriental COCOSDA/CASLRE Conference 2015, Shanghai, China. (URL: http://www.ococosda2015.org/Default.aspx).
 
Qasim, M., Anwar, A., Habib, T. and Hussain, S. "Development of Multiple Automatic Speech Recognition Systems in the Galaxy Framework", poster presentation in 18th Oriental COCOSDA/CASLRE Conference 2015, Shanghai, China. (URL: http://www.ococosda2015.org/Default.aspx). Poster
 
Hussain, S., Ali, S. and Akram, Q. "Nastalique Segmentation-Based Approach for Urdu OCR", in International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition (IJDAR), pp. 1-18, 2015. (URL: http://www.springer.com/computer/image+processing/journal/10032).
 
 

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  2014  
Irtza, S., Rehman, K., Hussain, S. and Adeeba, F. "Urdu Keyword Spotting System using HMM", poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Poster
 
Urooj, S., Shams, S., Hussain, S. and Adeeba, F. "Sense Tagged CLE Urdu Digest Corpus", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Presentation
 
Akram, Q., Hussain, S., Adeeba, F., Rehman, S. and Saeed, M. "Framework of Urdu Nastalique Optical Character Recognition System", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/).
 
Adeeba, F., Akram, Q., Khalid, H. and Hussain, S. "CLE Urdu Books N-grams", poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Poster
 
Zafar, A., Mahmood, A., Shams, S. and Hussain, S. "Structural Analysis of Linking Urdu WordNet to PWN 2.1", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Presentation
 
Mumtaz, B., Hussain, A., Hussain, S., Mahmood. A., Bhatti, R., Farooq, M. and Rauf, S. "Multitier Annotation of Urdu Speech Corpus", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Presentation
 
Afsheen., Irtza, S., Farooq, M., Hussain, S. "Accent Classification among Punjabi, Urdu, Pashto, Saraiki and Sindhi Accents of Urdu Language", poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Poster
 
Haq, I. A., Anwar, A., Ahmad, A., Habib, T., Hussain, S. and Rahman, S. “Spoken Dialog System: Direction Guide for Lahore City”, poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL: http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14/). Poster
 
Nawaz, O. and Habib, T. "Hidden Markov Model (HMM) based Speech Synthesis for Urdu Language", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL:http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14). Presentation
 
Irtza, S., Anwar, A., Hussain, S. "Improving Recognition Accuracy of Urdu Weather Service by Identifying Out-of-Vocabulary Words", in Pakistan Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Volume 15, July 2014. (URL: http://www.uet.edu.pk/research/researchinfo/index.html?RID=research_journal).
 
Basit, H. R. and Hussain, S. "Text Processing for Urdu TTS System", poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT 14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL:http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14). Poster
 
Habib, W. Basit, H. R., Hussain, S. and Adeeba, F. "Design of Speech Corpus for Open Domain Urdu Text to Speech System Using Greedy Algorithm", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2014 (CLT14), Karachi, Pakistan. (URL:http://cs.dsu.edu.pk/clt14). Presentation
 
Ahmed, T., Urooj, S., Hussain, S., Mustafa, A., Parveen, R., Adeeba, F., Hautli, A. and Butt, M. "The CLE Urdu POS Tagset", poster presentation in Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LERC 14) 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland. (URL: http://lrec2014.lrec-conf.org/en/).
 
Akram, Q., Hussain, S., Niazi, A., Anjum, U., Irfan, F. "Adapting Tesseract for Complex Scripts: An Example for Urdu Nastalique", in the Proceedings of 11th IAPR Workshop on Document Analysis Systems (DAS 14) 2014, Tours, France. (URL: http://das2014.sciencesconf.org/).
 
 

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  2013  
Naz, M., Akram, Q. and Hussain, S. "Binarization and its Evaluation for Urdu Nastalique Document Images", in the Proceedings of The 16th International Multi Topic Conference (INMIC) 2013, Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.inmic.org.pk/)
 
Javed, S. and Hussain, S. "Segmentation Based Urdu Nastalique OCR", in the Proceedings of 18th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition (CIARP 2013), Havana CUBA, 2013. (URL:http://www.ciarp.org/xviii/)
 
Irtza, S. and Hussain, S. "Minimally Balanced Corpus for Speech Recognition", in the Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and their Applications (ICCSPA'13), IEEE, Sharjah, 2013. (URL:https://www2.aus.edu/conferences/iccspa/)
 
 

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  2012  
Abbasi, A. M. and Hussain, S. "Syllable Structure and Syllabification in Sindhi-English Loanwords", Published in International Researcher, ISSN 227-7471 Volume No.1 Issue No. 4 December, 2012. (URL: http://www.iresearcher.org/ )
 
Irtza, S. and Hussain, S. " Improving Training Data using Error Analysis of Urdu Speech Recognition System", poster presentation in Conference on Language and Technology 2012 (CLT12), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.cle.org.pk/clt12)
 
Urooj, S., Hussain, S., Adeeba, F., Jabeen, F. and Parveen, R. "CLE Urdu Digest Corpus", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2012 (CLT12), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.cle.org.pk/clt12)
 
Zafar, A., Mahmood, A., Abdullah, F., Zahid, S., Hussain, S. and Mustafa, A. "Developing Urdu WordNet Using the Merge Approach ", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2012 (CLT12), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.cle.org.pk/clt12)
 
Jabeen, F. and Hussain, S. "The Pitch Contour of Declarative Sentences in Urdu Language", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2012 (CLT12), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.cle.org.pk/clt12)
 
Zahid, S. and Hussain, S. "An Acoustic Study of Vowel Nasalization in Punjabi", in the Proceedings of Conference on Language and Technology 2012 (CLT12), Lahore, Pakistan. (URL:http://www.cle.org.pk/clt12)
 
deJong,G., Hussain, S., Irtza, S. and Hudson, T. "F0 statistics for speakers of Urdu", in the Proceedings of IAFPA 2012, Santander, Spain. (URL:http://www.iafpa2012.com/)
 
Mahmood, K. Q., Shams, S. "Empowering Women Survivors of Violence Through Technology", in the Journal of Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Research (JSSIR), 2012, 1(2), NED Karachi, Pakistan.
 
Mahmood, K. Q., Shams, S. “Digital Storytelling and Self Healing of Women Survivors of Violence: Evidence from Pakistan”, in the Proceedings of IADIS International Conference on ICT, Society and Human Beings, Lisbon, Portugal 21-23 July 2012. (URL:http://www.ict-conf.org/)
 
Sarfraz, H., Shams, S., Mahmood, K. Q. "Assessing the Applicability of Digital Storytelling in a Pakistani Context", in the Proceedings of RELATO Digital Storytelling at The Universitat De València, Valencia (Spain), March 2012. (URL: http://www.uv.es/digitalstory/ )
 
 

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  2011  
Mahmood, K. Q., Shams, S. “Integrating Digital Storytelling into Curriculum: Technological Innovation for 21st Century Pakistani Classrooms”, in the Proceedings of Golden Jubilee Post Graduate Students Conference 2011 on “Rethinking Education for Pakistan in 21st Century at IER, PU September 2011. (URL:http://pu.edu.pk/home/section/allpress/822)
 
Ahmad, W., Hussain, S. "Enabling Complex Asian Scripts on Mobile Devices," in Localisation Focus , The International Journal of Localisation, VOL. 10 Issue 1, Localization Research Centre, University of Limerick, Ireland. ISSN: 1649-2358. (URL:http://www.localisation.ie/resources/locfocus/index.htm)
 
Adeeba, F., Hussain, S. "Experiences in Building Urdu WordNet,", in the Proceedings of 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources (ALR9). (URL:http://www.dlsu.edu.ph/conferences/alr9/2011/)
 
Karamat, N., Malik, K., Hussain, S. "Improving Generation in Machine Translation by Separating Syntactic and Morphological Processes", in the Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT) 2011. (URL:http://fit.edu.pk/)
 
Sarfraz, H., Dilawari, A., Hussain, S. "Assessing Urdu Language Support on the Multilingual Web," in the Proceedings of Conference on Human Language Technology for Development (HLTD 2011) . (URL: http://www.hltd.org)
 
Shams, S., Hussain, S. "Strategies for Research Capacity Building in Local Language Computing: PAN Localization Project Case Study," in the Proceedings of Conference on Human Language Technology for Development (HLTD 2011) . (URL: http://www.hltd.org)
 
 

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  2010  
Malik, K., Ahmed, T., Sulger, S., Bögel, T., Gulzar, A., Raza, G., Hussain, S., and Butt, M., "Transliterating Urdu for a Broad-Coverage Urdu/Hindi LFG Grammar", in the Proceedings of Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), Valletta, May 2010. (URL: http://www.lrec-conf.org/lrec2010/)
 
Durrani, Q., Ijaz, M., Bokhari, R. and Hussain, S., "e-ELT: Challenges in Content Development", in the Proceedings of International Conference on Diffusion of ICTs in Academia: Learning in the Digital Age in Islamic Countries; October 4 - 5, 2010, Khartoum, Republic of Sudan.
 
Sarfraz, H., Hussain, S., Bano, M., Mustafa, A. and Parveen, R., "Urdu Localization of Open Source Software," in the Journal of UBICC "Special Issue of Fourth International Conference on Open-Source Systems and Technologies (ICOSST-2010)". (URL: http://www.ubicc.org/news_detail.aspx?id=35)
 
Javed, S., Hussain, S., Maqbool, A., Asloob, S., Jameel, S. and Moin, H., "Segmentation Free Nastalique Urdu OCR," in the Journal of World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Issue 70, October 2010. (URL:http://www.waset.org/journals/waset/v70.php)
 
Sarfraz, H., Hussain, S., Bano, M., Mustafa, A. and Parveen, R., "Urdu Localization of Open Source Software," in the Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Open-Source Systems and Technologies (ICOSST-2010). (URL: http://www.uet.edu.pk/Conferences/icosst2010/home.html?RID=home)
 
 
Sarfraz, H., Hussain, S., Bokhari, R., Raza, A.A., Ullah, I., Sarfraz, Z., Pervez, S., Mustafa, A., Javed, I. and Parveen, R., "Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition for Urdu," in the Proceedings of International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology (FIT) 2010. (URL:http://fit.edu.pk/)
 
Raza, A.A., Hussain, S., Sarfraz, H., Ullah, I. and Sarfraz, Z., "An ASR System for Spontaneous Urdu Speech," in the Proceedings of O-COCOSDA 2010, Kathmandu, Nepal. (URL:http://desceco.org/O-COCOSDA2010/index.php)
 
Sarfraz, H., Hussain, S., Bokhari, R., Raza, A.A., Ullah, I., Sarfraz, Z., Pervez, S., Mustafa, A., Javed, I. and Parveen, R., "Speech Corpus Development for a Speaker Independent Spontaneous Urdu Speech Recognition System," in the Proceedings of O-COCOSDA 2010, Kathmandu, Nepal. (URL:http://desceco.org/O-COCOSDA2010/index.php)
 
Shams, S., Hussain, S. and Mirza, A. (2010), "Gender and Outcome Mapping", in Belawati, T. and Baggaley, J. (eds) Policy and Practice in Asian Distance Education, Sage Publication India Pvt. Ltd.
 
Norbu, S., Choejey, P., Dendup, T., Hussain, S. and Muaz, A."Dzongkha Word Segmentation", in the Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, COLING2010, Beijing, China. (URL: http://www.coling-2010.org/).
 
Awan, W. and Hussain, S. "A hybrid approach to Urdu Verb Phrase chunking", in the Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, COLING2010, Beijing, China.  (URL: http://www.coling-2010.org/).
 
Akram, M. and Hussain, S. "Word Segmentation for Urdu OCR System", in the Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, COLING2010, Beijing, China.  (URL: http://www.coling-2010.org/).
 

Durrani, N., Hussain, S. Urdu Word Segmentation, in the 11th Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (NAACL HLT 2010), Los Angeles, US, 2010 (URL: http://naaclhlt2010.isi.edu/)

 
 

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  2009  

Javed, S.T., Hussain, S. Improving Nastalique Specific Pre-Recognition Process for Urdu OCR, in the Proceedings of 13th IEEE International Multitopic Conference 2009 (INMIC 2009), Islamabad, Pakistan, 2009 (URL: http://www.jinnah.edu.pk/inmic2009)

 

Raza, A.A., Hussain, S., Sarfraz, H., Ullah, I., Sarfraz, Z. Design and development of phonetically rich Urdu Speech Corpus, in the Proceedings of O-COCOSDA'09 and IEEE Xplore; to be presented in O-COCOSDA'09 on 10-13 Aug 2009, at the School of Information Science and Engineering of Xinjiang University, Urunqi, China (URL: http://o-cocosda2009.xju.edu.cn)

 

Akram, Q., Naseer, A., Hussain, S. Assas-band, an Affix-Exception-List Based Urdu Stemmer, in the Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, IJCNLP’09, Suntec City, Singapore, 2009 (URL: http://www.acl-ijcnlp-2009.org/index.html)

 

Muaz, A., Ali, A., Hussain, S. Analysis and Development of Urdu POS Tagged Corpora, in the Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, IJCNLP’09, Suntec City, Singapore, 2009 (URL: http://www.acl-ijcnlp-2009.org/index.html)

 

 

Khalid, U., Karamat, N., Iqbal, S., Hussain, S. Semi-Automatic Lexical Functional Grammar Development, in the Proceedings of the Conference on Language and Technology 2009 (CLT09), FAST NU, Lahore, Pakistan, 22-24 Jan 2009 (URL: http://www.crulp.org/clt09/index.htm)

 
 

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  2008  

 

Hussain, S. Resources for Urdu Language Processing, in the Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, IJCNLP’08, IIIT Hyderabad, India, 2008.

 

 

Hussain, S., Karamat N., Mansoor, A. Arabic Script Internationalized Domain Names, in the Proceedings of the CIIT Workshop on Research in Computing, CWRC’08, CIIT Lahore, Pakistan, 2008.

 

Hussain, S. and Mohan, R. Localization in Asia Pacific. Published in December 2007 in the 2007-2008 edition of Digital Review of Asia Pacific ( http://www.digital-review.org ).

 
 

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  2007  

 

Hussain, S., Gul, S., Waseem,A. "Developing lexicographic sorting: An example for Urdu", in ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing (TALIP), Volume 6 Issue 3, 2007.

 

 

Hussain, S. SSML for Urdu Speech Synthesis”, in the Proceedings of Third Workshop on Internationalizing SSML, World Wide Web Consortium, IIIT Hyderabad, India, 2007.

 

 

Ijaz, M., Hussain, S. Corpus Based Urdu Lexicon Development, in the Proceedings of Conference on Language Technology (CLT07), University of Peshawar, Pakistan, 2007.

 

 

Naseem, T., Hussain, S.A Novel Approach for Ranking Spelling Error Corrections for Urdu, in the Language Resources and Evaluation, Volume 41, Number 2 Springer, Netherlands, 2007.

 

 

Naseem, T., Hussain, S. Spelling Error Trends in Urdu, in the Proceedings of Conference on Language Technology (CLT07), University of Peshawar, Pakistan, 2007.

 
     
  2006  

 

E. Bashir, S. Hussain, D. Anderson. “Proposal to add characters needed for Khowar, Torwali, and Burushaski,” in the Proceedings of 49th Meeting of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, Tokyo, Japan, 2006.

 

 

Hussain, S., Durrani, N. Urdu Domain Names, in the Proceedings of 10th IEEE Multi-topic Conference, (INMIC 2006), Lahore, 2006.

 


 

Wali, A., Hussain, S. Context Sensitive Shape-Substitution in Nastaliq Writing system: Analysis and Formulation, in the Proceedings of International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering (CISSE2006), 2006.

 
 

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  2005  
  Hussain, S. Phonological Processing for Urdu Text to Speech System , in Contemporary Issues in Nepalese Linguistics (eds. Yadava, Bhattarai, Lohani, Prasain and Parajuli), Linguistics Society of Nepal (2005). ISBN 99946-57-69-0.  
   
  2004  

 

Asad, M., Shiraz, A., Chaudhry, S., Hussain, S. Rule-Based Expert System for Urdu Nastaleeq Justification, in the Proceedings of IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, Lahore, Pakistan, 2004.

 

 

Bhatty, F.M., Azam, A., Shakeel, A., Hussain, S., Arshad, F. LINUSCRIBE, a Rendering Engine for Complex Scripts on LINUX”, in the Proceedings of IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, Lahore, Pakistan, 2004.

 


 

Hussain, S. Letter to Sound Rules for Urdu Text to Speech Sytem, in the Proceedings of Workshop on Computational Approaches to Arabic Script-based Languages, COLING 2004, Geneva, Switzerland, 2004.

 


 

Hussain, S. Localization of Free Open Source Software (FOSS), FOSSAP, organized by APDIP UNDP, Malaysia, 2004.

 

 

Hussain, S., Gul, S. PAN Localization Project: A Regional Initiative to Develop Local language Computing Capacity in Asia, in I4D: Information for Development II(6), www.I4Donlinet.net, 2004.

 

 

Hussain, S. Urdu Localization Project: Lexicon, MT and TTS, in the Proceedings of Workshop on Computational Approaches to Arabic Script-based Languages, COLING 2004, Geneva, Switzerland, 2004.

 
 

Hussain, S., Gul, S.  “Localisation in Pakistan, in Localisation Focus The International Journal for Localisation 3(4), LRC, Univ. of Limerick, Ireland (2004).

 
 

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  2003  

 

Hussain, S. Computational Linguistics in Pakistan: Issues and Proposals, in the Proceedings of EACL 2003 (Workshop in Computational Linguistics for Languages of South Asia), Hungary, 2003.

 


 

Hussain, S. Urdu Collation Sequence, in the Proceedings of the IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2003.

 



 

Hussain, S. www.LICT4D.asia/Fonts/Nafees_Nastalique, in the Proceedings of 12th AMIC Annual Conference on E-Worlds: Governments, Business and Civil Society, Asian Media Information Center, Singapore, 2003.

 



 

Rahman, S., Hussain, S. Development of Character Based Urdu Nasta’leeq Font”, in Asian Media and Communication Bulletin 33(2), AMIC, School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2003.

 
     
  2002  

 

Hussain, S, Zia, K. Proposal to Add Marks and Digits in Arabic Code Block (for Urdu)”, in the Proceedings of 42nd Meeting of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, Dublin, Ireland, 2002.

 

 

Kabir, H., Nayyar., S., Zaman., J., Hussain, S. Two Pass Parsing Implementation for an Urdu Grammar Checker, in the Proceedings of IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, 2002.

 

 

Kabir, H., Raza, S., Saleem, A., Hussain, S. Natural Language Processing for Urdu TTS System, in the Proceedings of IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, 2002.

 
     
  2001  


 

Afzal, M., Hussain, S. Urdu Computing Standards: Development of UZT 1.01, in the Proceedings of the IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, Lahore, 2001.

 

 

Hussain, S., Afzal, M. Urdu Computing Standards: UZT 1.01, in the Proceedings of the IEEE International Multi-Topic Conference, Lahore, 2001.

 
 

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